Sabah Malaysia is one of 13 member states of Malaysia and is its easternmost state. It is located on the northern portion of the island of Borneo. It is the second largest state in the country after Sarawak, which it borders on its southwest. It also shares a border with the province of East Kalimantan of Indonesia in the south. In spite of its status as a Malaysian state, Sabah Malysia remains a disputed territory; the Philippines has a dormant claim over much of the eastern part of the territory. The capital of Sabah is Kota Kinabalu, formerly known as Jesselton. Sabah Malysia is often referred to as “Land Below The Wind”, a phrase used by seafarers in the past to describe lands south of the typhoon belt.
Until recently Mount Kinabalu (13,455 feet) was barely known, but it has become a beloved trekking destination. The mountain is located in Kinabalu National Park, which is surrounded by rice fields and rubber plantations. From its peak, there is a beautiful view over the rain forest and the. Crocker Range.
On the northwest coast of Sabah, the beaches of the islands and the coral reefs that belong to Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park have become the trendy meeting place for beach vacationers in the South China Sea. Divers off the southern tip of Sipadan Island can watch for barracudas, manta rays, sharks, green turtles, and hawksbill turtles.
Two species deserve special attention: Several thousand orangutans in the Sepilok Rehabilitation Center near Sandakan, where they are learning to return to the wild; and green turtles, which lay their eggs between July and September on the small islands of the Sulu Sea about three hours by boat from Sandakan.
The world’s largest flowering plant, rafflesia, which produces a purplish blossom with a diameter of up to three feet, grows near Mount Kinabalu in the rain forests by the hot springs of Poring. It’s a rare flower that wilts very quickly. The rain forest that extends throughout the south of Sabah Malysia is more than a 100 million years old and features numerous species of trees and other plants. Botanists find their Eden here and deplore the increasing deforestation.